Presidential Review Glossary

the role of the President under the Articles of Confederation

Constitutional qualifications (35 years, U.S. citizen at birth, resided in U.S. for 14 years)

Selecting a Vice-President --- adding balance to the national ticket

Imperial presidency

Chief diplomat

Chief executive

Administrative Head of the Nation


Leader of the party

Chief legislator

foreign policy role of the President

roles shared with the Senate

the role and impact of the media on presidential power

Legislative liason

Executive office

White House staff

Chief of Staff

Joint Chiefs of Staff

the Cabinet

the role of the Cabinet as an advisory body

Cabinet Department heads (Secretary of State etc.)

National Security Council

organization of the White House staff

the influence of personality on the presidential power

presidents are also judged by character


line-item veto

pocket veto

Sources of presidential power

formal - the Constitution, laws, Supreme Court rulings

informal - the power to persuade, access to the media, public support, precedents set during previous administrations, etc.

Separation of powers

Checks and balances

Federal system

Executive privilege

Grants pardons for federal crimes

receiving and appointing ambassadors

Congressional delegation of powers

Inherent powers

Enumerated powers

Implicit powers

Delegated powers

the power to convene Congress

Constitutional powers are briefly stated and vague


Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974

War Powers Resolution of 1973

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1965)

U.S. vs Nixon

State of the Union address

Freedom of Information Act

Executive agreement

bully pulpit

the importance of public approval ratings

Public popularity and political power

divided governent


"It is better to receive than to give."

"Hang a lantern on your problems."

"Keep your enemies in front of you."

"The press is the enemy."