Chapter 3 - The Constitution


1. What freedoms did American colonists possess as British subjects prior to the Declaration of Independence ? (Pg.63)




2. Explain the underlying principles of the Declaration of Independence (rooted in the writings of Locke) ? (Pg.66)

A) natural rights




B) Social Contract theory




3. What were four major weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation ? (Pgs.69-70)









4. Explain the impact of Shays' Rebellion ? (pgs.70-71)





5. Explain the main differences between The Virginia Plan and The New Jersey Plan (pgs.72-74)

A) Virginia Plan




B) New Jersey Plan




6. Why is James Madison called the "Father of the Constitution" ? (Pg.74)


7. What were the key elements of The Great Compromise (pgs.75-76)





8. Explain the basic principles behind each of the following: (Pgs.77-79)

A) Republicanism (Aristotle)





B) Federalism (Constitutional Convention - 1787)





C) Separation of Powers (Montesquieu)





D) Checks and Balances (Bolingstoke and Blackstone)





9. How was the slavery issue temporarily "resolved" ? (pgs.84-85)





10. What was the purpose of publishing the Federalist Papers ? (Pgs.86-87)



11. Why was Alexander Hamilton opposed to adding a Bill of Rights to the Constitution ? (Pg.89)


12. What was the main argument of the Anti-Federalists ? (pgs.86-87)




13. Explain the main idea behind:

Federalist #10 (pg.87)




Federalist #51 (pg.87)




14. Which branch of the government did the framers intend to be the strongest ? ((Pg.94)


Identify: (pgs.80-82)

Article I: The Legislative Article. Articulates the principle of .....



Article II: The Executive Article. Establishes the...



Article III: The Judicial Article. Established the...



necessary and proper clause (implied powers)



judicial review