Define or explain:
party machine (pg.280)
Describe the shift in party realignment which took place in each of the following critical elections. (pgs.261-265 and Demo-Rep Videos) The "realignment" of the 1980's and early 1990's only affected presidential elections and did not extend to congressional, state, and local elections. Congress realigned in 1994.
1994 - (Republican Contract with America)
The winner-take-all electoral system in the U.S. makes it difficult for new parties to emerge and survive but third parties have had a significant impact on the two major parties. List two specific examples of how third parties have influenced the political system. (pg.267)
The percentage of voters identifying themselves as either Democrats or Republicans has been declining since the 1970's. Only in the highest income group are people more likely to be Republicans than Democrats. According to Figure 8.5 (page 274) which two factors have had the most influence on party identification and which factor has the least influence.
List the political party each the following groups (or regions) tend to identify with.
65 and older
income over $70,000
high school diploma
men in general
women in general
Protestants (especially Baptists)
Explain the main purpose/function of each of the following ? (pg.278)
National Committees (DNC) (RNC)