While the Constitution was being created in the 1780's one issue in particular divided the delegates and led to the creation of America's first political parties - states' rights. The question was, should the federal government or the states have the most power? This issue was to fester through the first half of the 19th century and tear the country apart in the 1860's. The most influential president during this period was Andrew Jackson. In the election of 1828 Jackson defeated John Quincy Adams by portraying him as part of the upper class and himself as a "man of the people" from a log cabin in Tennessee. He was, in fact, the was the richest man in the state and owned more than 100 slaves. This bad tempered, uneducated man was also the only president to have killed a man in a duel.
Why did the Industial Revolution in the United States begin in New England ? (pg.124)
How were the agricultural systems of the North and South different ?
Explain the impact of the cotton gin on agricultural efficiency ? (pg.125)
Explain how the emergence of the cotton kingdom contributed to the expansion of slavery ?
What was the intention of Henry Clay's American System ? (pg.126)
What agreements composed the Missouri Compromise ?
What did Jefferson mean when he referred to a "firebell in the night" ? (Another Perspective - pg.127)
How did the spoils system help Jackson consolidate his power as president ? (pg.128)
Without a doubt, one of the most disgraceful acts in American history involved the forced removal of Native Americans from the East coast following the passage of the Indian Removal Act by Congress in 1830. The Cherokee Nation in Georgia, who were generally better educated and more affluent than their white neighbors, fought against their removal by taking their case to the Supreme Court. In Worcester v. Georgia (1830) the court ruled in their favor.
How did Jackson react to this ruling ? (pg.129)
What methods were used to remove the Cherokee from their homes ? (A Personal Voice - pg.130)
Why did so many Cherokee die on the Trail of Tears ? (pg.130)
Two important issues illustrated the clash between federal and state power during this period - The Nullifcation Crisis and Jackson's war with the Bank of the United States.
Why did the South oppose the Tariff of Abominations ? (pg.130)
What was John C. Calhoun's theory of nullification ? (pg.130)
Why did Jackson's opponents dub him "King Andrew" after his destruction of the Bank of the United States ? (pg.131)
How did Jackson's bank war hurt the economy ? (pg.132)